In the English language, verbs are classified into active and passive voice. The voice shows the relationship between the verb and the noun phrases. When dealing with a sentence in the active form, the person or thing that performed the action is the subject of the verb.
Most of the verbs in the English language that contains the action verb, the subject always performs the action denoted by the verb as seen in the examples below.
The passive voice
The passive voice is used when the subject performing the verb is not known. In this case, the focus is on the action but the subject of the noun is unknown. Below is an example of passive sentences.
Making bread is my job
Mary ate the children’s cake
The job is to be done by us
The cathedral was built in 1970.
They come here to play every day.
The bread was eaten by the pupils.
Coming late is like a hobby for workers.
Some playgrounds were being occupied by the children.
Books are sometimes stolen by the same arm robbers.
Nowadays, some wild animals are quite rare.
At times it is preferable to stay silent.
You will realise that in the above sentences, the action is being performed on the subject.
Active voice refers to the quality of a verb that describes when the subject performs the action. Here are some examples.
Mary dances well.
We built this cathedral all by yourself.
I am going to the place right now.
We must make sure we restore human dignity.
You need to travel fast to avoid a holdup in traffic.
Paul was trying to imagine life without sunlight.
We have been watching the video since morning.
Let us keep watch over the man because he looks suspicious